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MLA Bibliographic Style--A Brief Guide
new 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
was published in Spring 2009 and this wiki reflects many of those changes.
Dr. Valenza can help you login to the
library's one online copy of the Handbook
Diana Hacker offers a brief explanation of the changes
in the new edition, as does this brief PDF document.
: Although MLA no longer requires a URL for Web citations, we advise that you include URLs to ensure that your reader and your teacher can easily refer back to your sources.
This guide presents example citations for the more common documentation issues at our school. For detailed information on the full range of source types, ask to see a copy of the new book, behind the circulation desk or check out:
EasyBib offers a
simple PDF chart
to guide your documentation. Remember that Springfield recommends you include URLs in Web citations
Hacker and Fister's PDF booklet:
Information on preparing your Works Cited begins on page 12.
Download the PDF of Documenting Sources in MLA Style: 2009 Update-A Hacker Handbooks Supplement
Download a PDF of //Documenting Sources in MLA Style: 2009 Update-A Lunsford Handbooks Supplement
Purdue OWL MLA page
for further citation guidance.
Hacker & Fister's Research & Documentation Online
Download sample papers (MLA & APA styles) from this full-service site! Note that the MLA paper samples do not yet consider MLA's new revisions.
We recommend, and your teacher might insist, that you use
, our full-featured documentation toolkit. It will help you with a wide variety of information types, as well as you notecards.
now uses MLA 7th edition style and will convert old citations to the new format.
A number of alternate citation generators may also help:
: Free citation generator that pulls reference content from a database of resources.
: Automatic bibliography and citation maker (updated for MLA 7)
IMSA Citation Wizard
Son of Citation Maker
(David Warlick) Now does 7th edition, URL optional
Just enter the ISBN (for books only)
Please visit the
Purdue OWL for information on APA
, if your teacher prefers APA documentation style.
Your "Works Cited" section should appear at the end of your paper and works should be arranged alphabetically by author (or title, if no author appears in the entry.) In this section you should list only works actually cited. (Your teacher may also request a list of Works Consulted for those materials you referred to but did not choose to cite.)
If no author is given, start the citation with the title.
Abbreviate the names of all months except May, June and July.
Indent the second line and all other lines 5 spaces
Note: MLA recommends double spacing citations, but many teachers (including some here at Springfield) prefer citations single spaced. Please check to determine your teacher's preferences.
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"