Please see examples of in-text documentation in our Research Guide.

EasyBib MLA Handout

EasyBib APA Handout


Your in-text (or in-project) references should lead the reader back to a specific entry in your Works Cited list. Remember to check http://www.mla.org for more information. Our copy of the MLA Handbook is behind the circulation desk.

Long quotes in text / Block quotes: If your quotation runs more than four lines in your paper, set it off as a block quotation. Begin a new line and indent one inch from the left margin. A block quote does not require quotation marks. Although other types of punctuation are sometimes used, writers generally introduce a block quote with a colon. Unlike quoting in text, the ending punctuation in a block quote follows the text, not the parenthetic reference.

General guidelines for citing works within your text:

To document your sources, cite the author's name and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end of the sentence, before the final period:

  • Lowfat cream cheese can save you 300 grams of fat per year (Valenza 35).

If the author's name is used in your sentence you may just refer to page numbers:

  • Copaset argues that "yellow simply does not interact well with khaki" (45).

If you are referring to the whole work rather than a specific section, you may omit any reference in parentheses:

  • Berger's main thesis is that by using motifs, organic unity is easier to achieve.