Note: MLA recommends double spacing citations, but many teachers (including some here at Springfield) prefer citations single spaced. Please check to determine your teacher's preferences.

Print Sources:


Format for the WORKS CITED or WORKS CONSULTED section:

A Book By One Author
Friedman, Thomas L. The World Is Flat : A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Picador, 2007. Print.

Two or More Books by the Same Author

Friedman, Thomas L. Hot, Flat, and Crowded (Why We Need A Green Revolution - And How It Can Renew America). New York: Farrar,
  • Straus and Giroux, 2008. Print.

- - -. The World Is Flat : A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Picador, 2007. Print.

A Book By Two Authors
Mortenson, Greg, and David Oliver Relin. Three Cups of Tea One Man's Mission to Promote Peace . . . One School at a Time.
  • New York: Penguin (Non-Classics), 2007. Print.

A Book by Three Authors

Idliby, Ranya, Suzanne Oliver, and Priscilla Warner. The Faith Club A Muslim, A Christian, A Jew-- Three Women Search for
  • Understanding. New York: Free, 2007. Print.

A Book by a Corporate Author

American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society's Complete Guide to Complementary and Alternative Cancer Methods, 2nd Edition.
  • New York: American Cancer Society, 2008. Print.

A Book with an Editor

Poetry 180: A Turning Back to Poetry. Ed. Billy Collins. New York: Random House, 2003. Print.

A Work in an Anthology

Smith, James. "The Physics of Cabbage." The Fabulous Physics Paper . Ed. Samuel Klein.
  • London: Cambridge UP, 2010. 46-59. Print.

A Work (Essay, Story, etc.) in an Anthology Previously Published in Another Collection

Girard, Rene. "Hamlet's Dull Revenge." Literary Theory / Renaissance Texts. Ed. Patricia
  • Parker and David Quint. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2010. 280-302. Rpt. in Major Literary
  • Characters: Hamlet. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1990. 166-185.

An Edition Other Than the First

Cleanser, Michael. Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Keeping Your Classroom
  • Neat and Clean. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lysol, 2005. Print.

A Signed Article in a Reference Book

Copasetic, Sandra. "Zen and the Art of Wearing Khaki." Encyclopedia Americana. 14th ed. 2008. Print.

An Unsigned Article in a Reference Book

"Best Dressed Women of All Time." Encyclopedia of Fashion. 3rd ed. 2003. Print.

Note: When dealing with an alphabetically organized reference set, no volume or page numbers are necessary.

Book with a Title within its Title

Vining, Edward Payson. The Mystery of Hamlet: An Attempt to Solve an Old Problem. New York: Adamant Media, 2005. Print.

Article in a Magazine (Monthly)
Appenzeller, Tim. "Leatherback Turtles." National Geographic May 2009: 31+. Print.

Article in a Magazine (Weekly)
Walsh, Bryan. "Study Raises New Questions About Who Will Get Swine-Flu Shots First." Time 20 Aug. 2009: 23-26. Print.

Article in a Journal
Skater, Andrew. "Rollerblading and Motivation." Journal of Skater Education 54.5 (2009): 113-25. Print.

Article from a Daily Newspaper

Springfield, Grace. "Spartan Spirit Lives." Philadelphia Inquirer 10 Oct. 2009: B17. Print.

Smith, Jack. "History of Montgomery County." New York Times 22 Feb. 2010, late ed., sec. 2: 4+. Print.

"Striking a Pose With Sally Miles." New York Times 15 Oct. 1997, early ed., sec.3: 35. Print.

Book and Film Reviews

"Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking." Rev. of Blink, by Malcolm Gladwell. Psychology Today 38.1 (2005): 36(1). Print.

Ebert, Roger. "Ghostbusters." Rev. of Ghostbusters, dir. Ivan Reitman. Chicago Sun Times 1 Jan. 1984: D4. Print.

Critical Analysis, Signed Excerpt / Previously Published Scholarly Article (Option #1)

(Check for your teacher's preferred option.)

Ross, Stephan S. "Tom Wolfe." Rpt. of "The Rhetoric of the Right Stuff." Journal of General Education 33 (1981): 113-22. Rpt. in

  • Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski. 35: 458-460. Print.

Critical Analysis, Signed Excerpt (Option # 2) (Check for your teacher's preferred option.)

Ross, Stephan S. "Tom Wolfe." Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski. 35: 458-460. Print.

Pamphlet (cite as you would a book)

American Heart Association. Your Teenage Heart. Chicago: American Heart Association, 2010. Print.