Note: Although the new 7th edition of MLA no longer requires URLs in citations, your teachers will likely expect them. The examples below include the now optional URLs. If the URL for a database is lengthy, you may truncate the address to lead to the database's search page.


Hacker, Diana, and Barbara Fister. Research and Documentation Online. Bedford St. Martin's, 2009. Web. 21 Aug. 2009.

"Using Primary Sources. The Library of Congress: Teachers. Lib. of Cong., 28 Sept. 2007. Web. 20 Nov. 2010.

MLA on How to Cite a Tweet

articles from databases

magazine article
Ng, Kenneth. "Hello 19th Century." Hello Kitty Monthly Mar. 2007: 35-40. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 24 Nov. 2008.

Frick, Robert. "Investing in Real Estate." Kiplinger's Personal Finance (Mar. 2009): 25-27. SIRS Researcher. Web. 22 Aug. 2009.

journal article
Levin, Harry. "Wonderland Revisited." Kenyon Review 18 (Fall 1965): 591-616. Literature Resource Center. Web. 22 Aug. 2009.

Shopper, Ima B. "The Magic of the Suburban Mall." Journal of American Geographers 53.4 (2008): 35-43. JSTOR. Web. 2 Dec. 2008.

chapter reprinted in database
Pinsker, Sanford. "O Pencey, My Pencey!" 2008. Catcher in the Rye: Innocence Under Pressure. Ed. Jeffrey Hunter. Vol. 243. New

reference article
"Barack Obama." Biography Resource Center. Gale Cengage, 13 Aug. 2009. Web. 21 Aug. 2009.
"Issues and Controversies: Racial Disparities." Issues and Controversies. Facts on File, 13 Jan. 1996. Web. 24 Aug. 2009.

encyclopedia article
Terry, Walter. "Ballet." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2009. Web. 22 Aug. 2009. <>.

newspaper article
"Biggest Liner Plunges to the Bottom at 2:20 AM." New York Times 16 Apr. 1912: 1-2. ProQuest Historical Newspapers. Web.

e-book (subscription database)
Barker, Clive. "Digressing from the Point: Holden Caulfield's Women." J.D. Salinger's Catcher in the Rye. Ed. Sarah Graham. New York:

e-book (free online)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. N. pag. Project Gutenberg. N.p., 5 May 2008. Web. 21 Aug. 2009.

blog post
Valenza, Joyce Kasman. "Gotta Love Those Book Widgets for Face-Out Shelving." NeverEndingSearch. School Library Journal, 6 Aug.

wiki entry
"Springfield Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 11 Jul. 2009. Web. 23 Aug. 2009.

online photograph
Berger, Anthony. Abraham Lincoln, U.S. President. 1832. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Flickr: The Commons.

online cartoon
Fitzsimmons, David. "Great Recession." Cartoon. Daryl Cagle's Political Cartoon Index., 20 Aug. 2009. Web. 22 Aug. 2009.

Otis, Hackney. "Schedule for the Fall Semester." Message to Joyce Valenza. 3 Sept. 2009. E-mail.

online video clip
Star, Blair. "Back To School Outfit, Hair, and Drugstore Makeup Tutorial!" YouTube. N.p., 20 Aug. 2009. Web. 21 Aug. 2009.

"Elite Agents' Afghanistan Drug Hunt." Karen Russo and Richard Esposito. Nightline. ABC News. 20 Aug. 2009.

"Roberto Clemente." American Experience. Dir. Bernardo Ruiz. Narr. Jimmy Smits. PBS. WGBH, Boston, 14 June 2009. Web.

online audio (radio)
"Subhuman's Timeless Hardcore Punk." Fresh Air. Host Terry Gross. National Public Radio, 20 Aug. 2009. Radio.

online speech
Obama, Barack. "Remarks by the President on the Recent Elections in Afghanistan." White House: Office of the Press Secretary.